Skip to main content

Podiatry: What Are Common Foot Care Needs?

Podiatry: What Are Common Foot Care Needs?

The treatment of diseases and conditions that affect the ankles and feet is known as podiatry. Routine foot care may help to manage symptoms and even prevent conditions from developing in the first place. Foot care is important for everyone at all ages, but it becomes more necessary with age and in the presence of certain chronic illnesses, such as diabetes. There are several concerns and preventative measures common in the field.

Common concerns in podiatry

Some foot care issues go no deeper than the skin, while others go below the surface to affect the bones and soft tissues within the foot itself.

Dry skin

When the skin of the feet becomes extremely dry, cracking can occur. Other symptoms include sensations of burning or itching. A moisturizer or body lotion containing lanolin or petroleum jelly can help. Use one of these products, along with a mild soap, on the feet and legs every day. It may be a good idea to apply lotion/moisturizer just before going to bed.

Calluses and corns

These can develop when shoewear rubs against the bony parts of the feet. The result is usually a hardened patch of skin that sometimes becomes painful. A podiatrist can use acid to dissolve the corn or callus itself, and special pads in the shoes can help to reduce the friction so it is less likely to come back.


Infections can be caused by bacteria, fungi or viruses. Fungal infections are sometimes known as athlete's foot. Viruses can lead to warts. Medications are usually used to treat infections such as these. However, sometimes it is necessary to remove a wart surgically.

Ingrown toenails

When part of the nail cuts into the surface of the surrounding skin, it is called an ingrown toenail. If the case is extremely problematic, it may be necessary to remove all or part of the nail.

Bone deformities

These include hammertoes, spurs and bunions. They can result from many different causes, including heredity, arthritis and constrictive footwear. Surgery may be necessary to correct the deformities if other treatments are unsuccessful.

Preventative measures

In addition to addressing foot care issues as they arise, there are additional steps patients can take to help prevent podiatry problems in the first place.

Wear well-fitting shoes

Footwear that fits well and is comfortable can go a surprisingly long way toward preventing these types of problems. Look for the following characteristics:

Measure the feet before buying new shoes. Foot width can increase over time.

Promote circulation

Poor blood flow to the feet can cause some conditions and complicate others. You can promote circulation with exercise, warm foot baths and behavior modifications. For example, avoid wearing tight elastic socks and avoid sitting with your legs crossed.

Perform foot inspections

It is a good idea to check the feet on a regular basis for any abnormalities. People who cannot easily reach their feet can ask a family member to do this.


A number of conditions can affect the feet. Fortunately, regular foot care can identify, treat and sometimes prevent these ailments. Otherwise a visit to a podiatry office may be in order.

Request an appointment here: or call Ambulatory Foot & Ankle Clinic at (208) 803-0010 for an appointment in our Pocatello office.

Check out what others are saying about our services on Yelp: Read our Yelp reviews.

You Might Also Enjoy...

Understanding Neuropathy: A Podiatrists Insight

Neuropathy refers to damage or dysfunction of the peripheral nerves, often resulting in numbness, tingling, and pain. It is a common condition, and its impact on the feet makes it a significant concern for podiatrists.
Ask a Foot Doctor About Plantar Fasciitis

Ask a Foot Doctor About Plantar Fasciitis

A podiatrist, also known as a doctor of podiatric medicine, is a foot doctor. This kind of surgeon or physician can treat the ankle, foot and connecting parts of the leg. A podiatrist can help you if you have a foot condition like plantar fasciitis.
Could a Podiatrist Recommend Orthotics For You?

Could a Podiatrist Recommend Orthotics For You?

Learning more about orthotics when living with a certain type of foot disorder is a great idea. When you are experiencing problems with your feet, it can really make it difficult for you to perform your everyday tasks.
Should I See a Podiatrist or Orthopedist?

Should I See a Podiatrist or Orthopedist?

Like many people, you may be considering either podiatry or orthopedics to care for your ailing feet. Both disciplines have their place and can offer help for a variety of conditions.